Investigation into the provenance of museum collections in connection with the theft, confiscation and sale of objects under duress between 1933 and 1945.

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Paleis Het Loo

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Paleis Het Loo

Amersfoortseweg 7313 AA Apeldoorn

Investigation results

This museum has 1 object with a potentially problematic provenance.

Result of this investigation

Het Loo’s purchases and acquisitions from gifts date from after 1971, when the palace became a museum. The collection consists of around 160,000 objects. After separating certain categories, such as objects without individually identifiable characteristics and objects made after 1945, investigators were left with 402 items for further investigation. These they checked in inventories and the archive as well as at RKD and SNK archive. One painting has problematic provenance, namely Willem II on Horseback by Henri Auguste d’Ainecy comte de Montpezat. After the war, the work was registered at SNK. The original owner Hieronymus Fraenkel had been ordered to deliver the work to Lippmann, Rosenthal & Co in 1943, the Amsterdam bank which garnered Jewish assets. Investigators checked the sub-collections of silver and drawings and watercolours against the available lists of missing items. They found no reason to suspect problematic provenance. Given the nature of the furniture collection, investigators expect to find equally little evidence of problematic provenance there, nevertheless they will continue their investigation.

Orange Nassau Historical Society (GVON)
Het Loo has a large number of objects on loan from Orange Nassau Historical Society. The society recognised the importance of cooperating with the Museum Acquisitions from 1933 onwards investigation. The society’s collection relates to the history of the Orange family, and includes numerous paintings, drawings, prints, furniture, silver tableware and curiosities. The society checked all the objects with identifiable characteristics that were acquired after 1933 and found 65 items with uncertain provenance. These were investigated in inventory books and correspondence, as well as the registration system, auction catalogues, RKD website and various other Internet sources. Investigators checked the names of known artists on the BHG Provenance Investigation Bureau list, and also checked the Liro list. None of the society’s works appear on these lists. The society concludes that none of the identified objects have problematic provenance.

Foundation for the Maintenance of the Chancellery of Dutch Orders Museum (SIMKNO)
The Chancellery of Dutch Orders museum was founded in The Hague in 1954 and is run by SIMKNO. In 1961, enthusiasts began building a collection of Dutch and foreign orders, honours and commemorative medals, honorary swords, uniforms and various knightly orders and costumes, paintings and objects relating to awards and their recipients. This collection was given on loan to Het Loo in 1961. The foundation discovered no items with problematic provenance, having checked the collection register, inventory cards and the museum and foundation registers. After the first investigation round, 44 objects remained for further investigation. None of these objects appears on the lists of missing objects or the SNK Liro list.

Information from previous research (report Museum Acquisitions 1940-1948)

View reaction of Paleis Het Loo in the report Museale acquisitions 1940-1948 which was published in 1999 in response to the previous museum research.

About this museum and its collection

Het Loo was founded as a museum in 1971. In 1984, the former royal palace was opened to the public following a thorough renovation. The palace rooms show how members of the Orange family lived here in the last three centuries and illustrate how the interiors developed from the seventeenth to the twentieth century. The collection includes various sub-departments, such as paintings, drawings, silver, furniture, applied art and photos.


Willem II on Horseback

Willem II on Horseback

Artist/ Creator
Henri Auguste d'Ainecy comte de Montpezat
Willem II on Horseback
c. 1840
Oil on panel
14,2 x 11,5 cm
KL 96
Paleis Het Loo

Investigation results


This painting was part of the collection confiscated from H. Fraenkel, a Jewish photographer from Amsterdam.


On 9 April 1946,...

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